Beyoncé Giselle Knowles was born in Houston, Texas on September 4, 1981. As a child, she attended St. Mary's Montessori School in Houston and was skilled in both dancing and singing, winning a school talent show at age seven. She later attended Parker Elementary School, a music magnet school in Houston, and went on to enrol at the High School for the Performing and Visual Arts and later Alief Elsik High School.
In the early-1990s, Beyoncé, her childhood friend Kelly Rowland and rapper LaTavia Roberson formed a girl group called Girl's Tyme, alongside Támar Davis and sisters Nikki and Nina Taylor. The group caught the attention of R&B producer Arne Frager who put them forward for the televised talent contest Star Search. After Girl's Tyme did not win the competition, Beyoncé's father, Mathew, became their manager and cut the original lineup to four: Beyoncé, Rowland, Roberson and LeToya Luckett. In 1995, Mathew left his day job to manage the group.
Over the years, Girl's Tyme began to perform as support for more established R&B girl groups, and were eventually invited to audition for various record labels. The girls had two short-lived record deals with Elektra Records and Atlanta Records, and briefly recorded with Dwayne Wiggins's Grass Roots Entertainment, before signing with Columbia Records in 1996. Girl's Tyme also became known as Destiny's Child, after picking the name from a passage in the Book of Isaiah.
1997-2002: Destiny's Child
Destiny's Child released its eponymous debut album in 1998 and found success with the singles "No, No, No" and "With Me". The album spent twenty six weeks on the US Billboard 200 chart and won Soul Train Lady of Soul Award for Best R&B/Soul Album of the Year. It was certified platinum by the RIAA in 2000. The remix of album's lead single, "No, No, No", reached number one on the Billboard Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Singles & Tracks and number three on the Billboard Hot 100.
The Writing's on the Wall, their follow-up, was released in July 1999 and peaked at number five on the Billboard 200 and number two on R&B chart in early 2000. Two of the album's singles, "Bills, Bills, Bills" and "Say My Name", were US number one hits, and "Jumpin', Jumpin'" hit number three on the Billboard Hot 100, with "Bug a Boo" reaching the top ten on the UK Singles Chart. The album earned Destiny's Child six Grammy nominations for Best R&B Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocals (twice), Best R&B Song (twice), Record of the Year and Song of the Year, with "Say My Name" winning Best R&B Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocals and the Best R&B Song. The Writing's on the Wall was certified eight-times platinum by the RIAA in 2001.
Beyoncé recorded a duet with original Boyz II Men member Marc Nelson for the soundtrack to the 1999 film, The Best Man, called "After All Is Said and Done". It was around this time that the Destiny's Child line-up changed and LeToya Luckett and LaTavia Roberson were replaced by Farrah Franklin and Michelle Williams. The group released the single "Independent Women Part 1" in September 2000 and by the time it came to filming a video for the single, Franklin also left the group, leaving Beyoncé, Rowland and Williams. The single appeared on the soundtrack for 2000 film Charlie's Angels and became their best-charting single, topping the U.S. Billboard Hot 100 chart for eleven consecutive weeks.
The following year, Beyoncé landed a lead role in the musical romantic drama television film Carmen: A Hip Hopera, performing opposite Mekhi Phifer.
Survivor, Destiny's Child's third studio album, was released in May 2001 and debuted at number one on the Billboard 200 chart. Certified quadruple-platinum, the album became the biggest-selling album in the 21st century by a girl group, and one of the most successful girl group albums of all time. The album was co-written and co-produced by Beyoncé and launched five singles: "Independent Women Part I", "Survivor", "Bootylicious", a cover of Samantha Sang's "Emotion", and "Nasty Girl". The album also earned Destiny's Child three Grammy nominations for Best R&B Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocals, Best R&B Song and Best R&B Album, with "Survivor" winning the group the Grammy Award for Best R&B Song.
That October, the group released a holiday album: 8 Days of Christmas, which was certified gold by the RIAA.
In July 2002, Beyoncé starred alongside Mike Myers in the comedy film Austin Powers in Goldmember as Foxxy Cleopatra, making her big screen debut. She released "Work It Out", her debut solo single, as the lead single from the film's soundtrack. The following year, she starred opposite Cuba Gooding, Jr. in the musical comedy The Fighting Temptations and recorded the song "Fighting Temptation" with Missy Elliott, MC Lyte and Free as the lead single from the soundtrack, as well as "Summertime" featuring P. Diddy.
2003-2005: Dangerously In Love and Destiny Fulfilled
In October 2002, Beyoncé featured on the Jay-Z song "'03 Bonnie & Clyde", which peaked at at number four on the U.S. Billboard Hot 100 chart.
Dangerously In Love, her debut solo album, was released in June 2003. The album debuted at number one on the US Billboard 200 chart and launched two US Billboard Hot 100 number-one singles – "Crazy in Love" and "Baby Boy" – as well as two top five singles – "Me, Myself and I" and "Naughty Girl". The album has since been certified five-times platinum by the RIAA. At the 46th Annual Grammy Awards, Beyoncé won five awards: Best Contemporary R&B Album, Best Female R&B Vocal Performance for "Dangerously in Love 2", Best R&B Song and Best Rap/Sung Collaboration for "Crazy in Love", and Best R&B Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocals for "The Closer I Get to You" with Luther Vandross.
That November, she embarked upon the Crazy In Love Tour, and the following spring she joined Alicia Keys and Missy Elliott for the Verizon Ladies First Tour.
November 2004 brought the release of Destiny's Child's final album, Destiny Fulfilled. The album debuted at number two on the Billboard 200 and has been certified triple-platinum. It produced four singles—the lead single "Lose My Breath", "Soldier", "Girl" and "Cater 2 U". They embarked on the McDonalds-sponsored Destiny Fulfilled... and Lovin' It tour in 2005 and when the tour was over, Destiny's Child disbanded after 14 years together. A compilation of their number one singles was released by Columbia Records in October 2005 and the following March they accepted a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.
In September 2006, B'day, Beyoncé's second studio album, was released to coincide with her 25th birthday. Debuting at number one on the Billboard 200, it was well-received both critically and commercially and launched six singles, including three hits: "Déjà Vu", "Irreplaceable", and "Beautiful Liar". The album was certified triple-platinum by the RIAA and won the Grammy Award for Best Contemporary R&B Album at the 49th Annual Grammy Awards in 2007. Beyoncé earned five nominations at the ceremony, including Best Contemporary R&B Album, Best Female R&B Vocal Performance for "Ring the Alarm" and Best R&B Song and Best Rap/Sung Collaboration"for "Déjà Vu"; the Freemasons club mix of "Déjà Vu" was put forward in the Best Remixed Recording, Non-Classical category.
B'Day received two Grammy Award nominations the following year – for Record of the Year for "Irreplaceable" and Best Pop Collaboration with Vocals for "Beautiful Liar" (with Shakira), and Beyoncé also received a nomination for Best Compilation Soundtrack Album for Motion Pictures, Television or Other Visual Media for her appearance on Dreamgirls: Music from the Motion Picture (2006).
2006 saw Beyoncé star in two feature films: The Pink Panther, opposite Steve Martin, and Dreamgirls, opposite Jennifer Hudson, Jamie Foxx, and Eddie Murphy. She released the song "Listen", which appeared on the Dreamgirls soundtrack, in promotion of the film.
Throughout 2007, she performed on The Beyoncé Experience tour.
2008-2010: I Am... Sasha Fierce
Beyoncé released the double album I Am... Sasha Fierce in November 2008. I Am..., the first disc, concentrated on pop and R&B ballads, whereas Sasha Fierce (the second disc, named after her on-stage alter-ego) contained faster-tempo songs. I Am... Sasha Fierce debuted at number one on the US Billboard 200 chart and was certified double-platinum by the RIAA, as well as earning over thirty platinum, and one diamond, certifications globally. The album launched several singles, including the number-one song "Single Ladies (Put a Ring on It)" and the top-five songs "If I Were a Boy" and "Halo", the latter of which became the longest-running Hot 100 single in her career and helped Beyoncé attain more top-ten singles on the chart than any other woman during the 2000s. Spawning a global dance craze, the music video for "Single Ladies (Put a Ring on It)" won several awards, including Best Video at the 2009 MTV Europe Music Awards, the 2009 Scottish MOBO Awards and the 2009 BET Awards.
In the 2008 musical biopic Cadillac Records, she starred as Etta James, receiving critical acclaim for her performance and earning a Satellite Award nomination for Best Supporting Actress, and a NAACP Image Award nomination for Outstanding Supporting Actress. Beyoncé performed James' "At Last" at First Couple Barack and Michelle Obama's first inaugural ball in January 2009. She also starred in the 2009 thriller film Obsessed, and a scene in which she starred won the 2010 MTV Movie Award for Best Fight.
She received ten nominations, including Album of the Year for I Am ... Sasha Fierce, Record of the Year for "Halo", and Song of the Year for "Single Ladies (Put a Ring on It)", among others, at the 52nd Grammy Awards, tying with Lauryn Hill for the most Grammy nominations in a single year by a female artist. Winning six of the awards, Beyoncé broke her own record that she had set in 2004 for most wins in a single night by a female artist.
She was featured on Lady Gaga's 2010 single "Telephone", which topped the US Pop Songs chart, becoming the sixth number-one for both Beyoncé and Gaga, tying them with Mariah Carey for most number-ones on the chart.
In the latter part of 2010, she went on a nine month sabbatical from music.
June 2011 saw Beyoncé headline Glastonbury Festival in England as the first solo female artist to headline the main Pyramid stage at the prestigious music festival in over 20 years. Two days after her appearance at the festival, she released 4 – her fourth solo studio album and fourth consecutive album to debut at number one on the US Billboard 200. The album also hit the top spot in Brazil, France, Ireland, South Korea, Spain, Switzerland and the United Kingdom. 4 produced the singles "Run the World (Girls)", "Best Thing I Never Had", "Party", "Countdown" and "Love on Top", which won the Grammy Award for Best Traditional R&B Performance at the 55th annual ceremony in 2013.
In January 2013, Destiny's Child released Love Songs – a compilation of romance-themed songs from their previous albums, as well as "Nuclear"; a brand new song recorded by the trio. The following month, Life Is But a Dream, a feature-length documentary film about Beyoncé's life that she executive produced a co-directed, aired on HBO.
From April 2013 through March 2014, Beyoncé performed on The Mrs. Carter Show World Tour - the name of the tour being a reference to her marriage with American rapper Shawn "Jay-Z" Carter, who made several guest appearances throughout the tour.
In May 2013, she appeared on the soundtrack for the film The Great Gatsby on a cover of Amy Winehouse's Back to Black with Andre 3000. She also voiced Queen Tara in the 3D CGI animated film, Epic, and sang the song "Rise Up", co-written with Sia, which appeared in the film's soundtrack.
December 2013 brought the unexpected release of Beyoncé's fifth self-titled studio album, which was released as a visual album, with accompanying short films for each song. The album debuted at number one on the US Billboard 200 and was universally acclaimed. The album was nominated for five Grammy Awards at the 57th Annual Grammy Awards (2015), including Album of the Year, Best Urban Contemporary Album, Best Surround Sound Album and Best R&B Song and Best R&B Performance for the single "Drunk in Love", winning the latter three awards.
Beyoncé and Jay-Z embarked upon their joint On the Run Tour in June 2014, which ran until September. That August, she received the Michael Jackson Video Vanguard Award at the 2014 MTV Video Music Awards, as well as Best Video with a Social Message and Best Cinematography for "Pretty Hurts", as well as best collaboration for "Drunk in Love".
The 57th Grammy Awards in February 2015 brought Beyoncé six Grammy Award nominations, and she won three: Best R&B Performance and Best R&B Song for "Drunk in Love", and Best Surround Sound Album for Beyoncé.
2016-2017: Lemonade and collaborations
Beyoncé released the single "Formation" on February 6 2016 and performed it live at the NFL Super Bowl 50 halftime show the following day, before announcing The Formation World Tour. The tour ran from April 2016 through October 2016 and went on to win Tour of the Year at the 44th American Music Awards.
April 2016 also brought the release of Lemonade; Beyoncé's sixth studio album and an accompanying hour-long music video. The album was her sixth consecutive album to debut at number one on the US Billboard 200, breaking a record and making her the first act in Billboard history to have their first six studio albums debut atop the chart. Beyoncé also became the first female act to chart 12 or more songs at the same time, with all 12 songs on Lemonade charting on the Billboard 200. Lemonade also set a record for the most-streamed album in a single week by a female artist in history and was 2016's third highest-selling album in the US, as well as the best-selling album worldwide that year. It has now been certified triple-platinum. The album appeared on several publications' year-end lists, and topped the Rolling Stone list. At the 2016 MTV Video Music Awards Beyoncé was nominated for 11 awards and won eight, surpassing Madonna's previous record as the most-awarded artist in the history of the VMAs with 24 wins.
Lemonade was nominated for nine awards at the 59th Annual Grammy Awards in 2017, winning Best Urban Contemporary Album and Best Music Video.
Beyoncé featured on several collaborative songs in 2017: a remix of "Mi Gente" with J Balvin and Willy William, Eminem's "Walk on Water" and a remix of Ed Sheeran's single "Perfect" titled "Perfect Duet".
2018-present: Everything Is Love, Homecoming and The Lion King
"Family Feud", a single from Jay-Z's album 4:44 featuring Beyoncé, was released in January 2018. That March, DJ Khaled released "Top Off" featuring Beyoncé, Jay-Z, and Future.
At the Coachella Music Festival in April 2018, Beyoncé headlined with a performance that was critically praised and became the most-watched live Coachella performance and the most-watched live performance on YouTube of all time.
The On the Run II Tour – the second co-headlining stadium tour by Beyoncé and Jay-Z – ran from June through October 2018. At the end of their London show on June 16, released their collaborative album Everything Is Love under the name The Carters.The album debuted at number two on the US Billboard 200 and won Best Urban Contemporary Album at the 2019 Grammy Awards, having also been nominated for Best Music Video for "Apeshit" and Best R&B Performance for "Summer".
In April 2019, Homecoming, a concert film about American singer Beyoncé and her performance at the 2018 Coachella Valley Music and Arts Festival, was released on Netflix. Homecoming was written, directed and executive produced by Beyoncé. It is the most acclaimed television special of all time and received six nominations at the 71st Primetime Creative Arts Emmy Awards. Homecoming: The Live Album was released alongside the special.
In the 2019 remake of Disney's The Lion King, Beyoncé played Nala and is featured on the film's soundtrack, on a remake of the song "Can You Feel the Love Tonight" alongside Donald Glover, Billy Eichner and Seth Rogen. She also produced and curated the soundtrack album The Lion King: The Gift alongside the film, which contained an original Beyoncé song from the film, "Spirit".